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Monday, December 22, 2008

Horizontal CSS Dropdown Popout Menu

Requirements for Horizontal CSS Menus

Grab HTML From Here

#menu {
width: 100%;
background: #eee;
float: left;
}
#menu ul {
list-style: none;
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
width: 12em;
float: left;
}
The above sets the width onto the individual lists, <ul>'s, this time as the need to float side by side to make them fit into whatever horizontal space is available to them. This horizontal width is determined by setting the width of the #menu div itself. The #menu div is also floated in order to "contain" it's floated descendants.Then we apply the required formatting to the <h2> headings and the <a> anchors, again I'm using the same formatting as the vertical menu
#menu a, #menu h2 {
font: bold 11px/16px arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
display: block;
border-width: 1px;
border-style: solid;
border-color: #ccc #888 #555 #bbb;
margin: 0;
padding: 2px 3px;
}

#menu h2 {
color: #fff;
background: #000;
text-transform: uppercase;
}

#menu a {
color: #000;
background: #efefef;
text-decoration: none;
}

#menu a:hover {
color: #a00;
background: #fff;
}

Color to taste.

Positioning the Popout Menus and Dropdown Menus
#menu li {position: relative;}

#menu ul ul {
position: absolute;
z-index: 500;
}

#menu ul ul ul {
top: 0;
left: 100%;
}

The position: relative; on the <li> elements establish containing blocks for the descendant <ul> elements.

All secondary levels and deeper are given position: absolute; and a high z-index in order to make them appear, drop down above following content. the third level and deeper lists are the ones we want to move so "offset" positioning co-ordinates only required to be input onto them.

Hiding and Revealing using :hover

This time we actually do want to hide the second level menu (top choice) as we only want the <h2> heading, inside the top level <ul> to remain visible.
div#menu ul ul,
div#menu ul li:hover ul ul,
div#menu ul ul li:hover ul ul
{display: none;}

div#menu ul li:hover ul,
div#menu ul ul li:hover ul,
div#menu ul ul ul li:hover ul
{display: block;}
The display: block; rules show the three levels being activated with the display: none; rules being entered afterwards to more specifically hide the unwanted (deeper nested) lists (counteract them).

Fix it for IE!

The complete conditional CSS is the same as the vertical menu's code and looks like this:<!--[if IE]>
<style type="text/css" media="screen">
body {
behavior: url(csshover.htc);
font-size: 100%;
}

#menu ul li {float: left; width: 100%;}
#menu ul li a {height: 1%;}

#menu a, #menu h2 {
font: bold 0.7em/1.4em arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
}
</style>
<![endif]-->

1 comment:

Sandra Elisabeth said...

This IE Fix does not work for IE7. I have added extra values for IE7, but it still pops under any images on my page, even though I added z-index attributes. Maybe I am putting them in the wrong place? Or does IE7 not recognize z-index attributes?